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汉字汉语研究  2019, Vol. 5 Issue (1): 7-10    
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
“窈窕淑女”新解
徐在国
安徽大学汉字发展与应用研究中心
A New Perspective of Yaotiao Shunü(窈窕淑女)
XU Zaiguo
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摘要 《诗·周南·关雎》“窈窕淑女”之“窈窕”,当从安大简作“要翟”。汉代学者就是因为“窈窕”与“要翟”的读音相近,所以将“要翟”转写成了“窈窕”,进而训释“窈窕”为“幽闲”“深宫”。“窈窕淑女”,安大简作“要翟女”。“要翟”,读为“腰嬥”,即细腰,细而长的腰身。“腰嬥淑女”,即身材匀称美好的女子。
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关键词:  安大简  要翟  窈窕    
Abstract: 

The meaning of yaotiao(窈窕) in the phrase yaotiao shunnü(窈窕淑女) in Shi·Zhounan·Guanjü(《诗·周南·关雎》) should be the same with yaotiao(要翟) on Anda(安大) Bamboo Slips. Yaotiao(要翟) was transcribed as yaotiao(窈窕) by scholars in Han dynasty because their pronunciations were similar, and then yaotiao(窈窕) was interpreted as gentle and serene, deep palace. The Chinese characters of yaotiao shunnü(窈窕淑女) were written as yaotiao shunnü(要翟)on Anda(安大) Bamboo Slips, and yaotiao(要翟) should be read as yaotiao(腰嬥) with the meaning of slender waist, so yaotiao shunnü(腰嬥淑女) means signorine with beautiful appearance and slim figure.

Key words: 

Anda(安大) Bamboo Slips     yaotiao(要翟)    yaotiao(窈窕)

               出版日期:  2019-03-20      发布日期:  2019-04-30      期的出版日期:  2019-03-20
基金资助: 本文是2016年度教育部哲学社会科学研究重大委托项目“安徽大学藏战国楚简《诗经》的整理和研究”(16JZDW013),国家社科基金重大委托项目“安徽大学藏战国竹简的整理与研究”(16@ZH013)的阶段性成果。
引用本文:    
徐在国. “窈窕淑女”新解[J]. 汉字汉语研究, 2019, 5(1): 7-10.
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http://www.hzhyyj.com/CN/  或          http://www.hzhyyj.com/CN/Y2019/V5/I1/7
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