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汉字汉语研究  2019, Vol. 5 Issue (1): 11-17    
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
再论“捉”的词义及相关问题——答刘钊、张传官先生
汪维辉
浙江大学中文系,汉语史研究中心
Reanalysis of the Meaning and Related Issues of Zhuo(捉)—Reply to Mr LIU Zhao and ZHANG Chuanguan
WANG  Weihui
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摘要 文章针对刘钊、张传官《再谈“一沐三捉发”的“捉”》的三个要点展开讨论:1.“捉”在先秦至六朝的上古和中古汉语阶段,存在两个义项:①握持;②揉捏,挤压。两者词义不同,不能看作一个义项。2.随文释义是有界限的,不能超出一个词所可能具有的意义的范围,在“捉发”这个语境中,不能把省略的情节所包含的意思归到“捉”的词义之下,因为“捉”本身并没有“拧干”的意思。3.握发见客在特殊的情况下并非失礼。
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汪维辉
关键词:  捉发  词义  训诂  随文释义  古礼    
Abstract: 

The paper discusses three points of A New Study on the Word Zhuo() of the Phrase Yimusanzhuofa(一沐三捉发)(《再谈一沐三捉发)by Liu Zhao and Zhang Chuanguan. First, in ancient and Medieval Chinese(from pre Qin period to the Six Dynasties), zhuo() had two separate meanings of hold and knead, squeeze, which could not be viewed as the same terms. Second, there is limitation in contextual interpretation, and a word could not be explained beyond its least semantic potential;as for the condition of zhuo fa(捉发), the possible meaning conveyed by context should not be added into the sense of the term zhuo(捉),since the word itself does not express the meaning of wring something to dry. Third, meeting guests with loosen hair holding in hands was not always impolite, especially in particular urgent situations.

Key words: 

 zhuo fa(捉发)    semantics    contextual interpretation    ancient ritual

               出版日期:  2019-03-20      发布日期:  2019-04-30      期的出版日期:  2019-03-20
基金资助: 本文为国家社科基金重大项目“汉语词汇通史”(14ZDB093)、教育部重点研究基地重大项目“汉语基本词汇历时演变研究”(16JJD740015)阶段性成果。
引用本文:    
汪维辉. 再论“捉”的词义及相关问题——答刘钊、张传官先生[J]. 汉字汉语研究, 2019, 5(1): 11-17.
WANG Weihui. Reanalysis of the Meaning and Related Issues of Zhuo(捉)—Reply to Mr LIU Zhao and ZHANG Chuanguan. THE STUDY OF CHINESE CHARACTERS AND LANGUAGE, 2019, 5(1): 11-17.
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http://www.hzhyyj.com/CN/  或          http://www.hzhyyj.com/CN/Y2019/V5/I1/11
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