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汉字汉语研究  2019, Vol. 5 Issue (1): 58-68    
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《汉语大词典·火部》书证断句献疑
何茂活
河西学院文学院,汉语言文字研究所
Oppugning Pause and Punctuation of Documentary Evidences in Encyclopedic Dictionary of Chinese Words· Huo Radicals (《汉语大词典·火部》)
HE Maohuo
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摘要 《汉语大词典》所引书证在断句标点方面尚有可商之处。通过对该词典“火部”部分词条书证的审读核校,发现其在断句标点方面存在截句未当、虚词脱失、句读讹舛及当断未断等四个方面的问题。由此建议截取例句时应“瞻前顾后”,避免造成句子首尾词句的割裂和冗余,同时加强词句的校勘核订,尤其是疑难词语的形义考察,理清句子内部关系,确保书证信度和断句标点的准确性,有效提高辞书质量。
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关键词:  汉语大词典  书证  断句  标点  文字讹误    
Abstract: 

The documentary evidences cited in Encyclopedic Dictionary of Chinese words · Huo Radicals (《汉语大词典·火部》) still should be discussed in terms of pause and punctuation. Through the review of some parts of documentary evidences of huo() radicals in the dictionary, we found that there are four main problems in the pause and punctuation, namely, the inappropriate interception of example sentences, the loss of the function words, the error of pause in the internal of some sentences and the error of punctuation in some sentences. Therefore, we suggest that the interception of the example sentences should be thought over carefully to avoid the fragmentation and redundancy of the first and last word in one sentence. At the same time, strengthen the collation and verification of the words, especially the formal meaning of the difficult words, clarify the internal relationship of the sentence, ensure the reliability of documentary evidences, together with the accuracy of pause and punctuation to effectively improve the quality of the dictionary.

Key words: 

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Chinese words (汉语大词典)     documentary evidence    pause    punctuation    textual errors

               出版日期:  2019-03-20      发布日期:  2019-04-30      期的出版日期:  2019-03-20
基金资助: 本文为国家社科规划基金西部项目“河西汉简文字形义考论”(13XYY010)及河西学院汉语言文字研究所2016年度自立项目“《汉语大字典》疑难字考释”(ZL2016003)部分成果。
引用本文:    
何茂活. 《汉语大词典·火部》书证断句献疑[J]. 汉字汉语研究, 2019, 5(1): 58-68.
HE Maohuo. Oppugning Pause and Punctuation of Documentary Evidences in Encyclopedic Dictionary of Chinese Words· Huo Radicals (《汉语大词典·火部》). THE STUDY OF CHINESE CHARACTERS AND LANGUAGE, 2019, 5(1): 58-68.
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http://www.hzhyyj.com/CN/  或          http://www.hzhyyj.com/CN/Y2019/V5/I1/58
[1] 马晓稳、李红薇. 汉语“大系”考源[J]. 汉字汉语研究, 2019, 5(1): 69-71.
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